A skeleton from northeastern Yakutia (east Siberia) dating to the Neolithic period (3,600 years BP) belongs to mtDNA haplogroup C and the combined mtDNA and autosomal analysis shows its similarity to modern east Siberian/Native American populations.
American Journal of Physical Anthropology (Early View)
Ancient DNA analysis of human Neolithic remains found in northeastern Siberia
François-Xavier Ricaut et al.
We successfully extracted DNA from a bone sample of a Neolithic skeleton (dated 3,600 ± 60 years BP) excavated in northeastern Yakutia (east Siberia). Ancient DNA was analyzed by autosomal STRs (short tandem repeats) and by sequencing of the hypervariable region I (HV1) of the mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) control region. The STR profile, the mitochondrial haplotype, and the haplogroup determined were compared with those of modern Eurasian and Native American populations. The results showed the affinity of this ancient skeleton with both east Siberian/Asian and Native American populations.