June 05, 2011

Greek horse breeds

Wikipedia article on Skyros pony


Genet Mol Biol. 2011 Jan;34(1):68-76. Epub 2011 Mar 1.

Genetic variability in the Skyros pony and its relationship with other Greek and foreign horse breeds.

Bömcke E, Gengler N, Cothran EG.


In Greece, seven native horse breeds have been identified so far. Among these, the Skyros pony is outstanding through having a distinct phenotype. In the present study, the aim was to assess genetic diversity in this breed, by using different types of genetic loci and available genealogical information. Its relationships with the other Greek, as well as foreign, domestic breeds were also investigated. Through microsatellite and pedigree analysis it appeared that the Skyros presented a similar level of genetic diversity to the other European breeds. Nevertheless, comparisons between DNA-based and pedigree-based results revealed that a loss of genetic diversity had probably already occurred before the beginning of breed registration. Tests indicated the possible existence of a recent bottleneck in two of the three main herds of Skyros pony. Nonetheless, relatively high levels of heterozygosity and Polymorphism Information Content indicated sufficient residual genetic variability, probably useful in planning future strategies for breed conservation. Three other Greek breeds were also analyzed. A comparison of these with domestic breeds elsewhere, revealed the closest relationships to be with the Middle Eastern types, whereas the Skyros itself remained isolated, without any close relationship, whatsoever.



Sean said...

Looks like a Caspian horse.

Charles Nydorf said...

I was going to say a Ukrainian work horse.

pconroy said...

I grew up with many different breeds of horses and ponies, and my father bred horses.

I found this slightly better picture of the Skyros Pony, and based on its markings, is very similar to the Exmoor of England (though this pony is stockier) and also somewhat like the Garrano Pony of Northern Portugal.

All have the classical markings found in the ponies painted in the Lascaux caves, from the Paleolithic.