J Hum Genet. 2009 Aug 14. doi:10.1038/jhg.2009.65.
Ancestry informative markers and admixture proportions in northeastern Mexico
Martinez-Fierro ML, Beuten J, Leach RJ, Parra EJ, Cruz-Lopez M, Rangel-Villalobos H, Riego-Ruiz LR, Ortiz-Lopez R, Martinez-Rodriguez HG, Rojas-Martinez A.
To investigate the ancestral admixture in the Mestizo population in northeastern Mexico, we genotyped 74 ancestral informative markers (AIMs) and 15 Y-single-nucleotide polymorphisms (Y-SNPs) in 100 individuals. The Native American contribution is 56% (range: 27.4-81.2%), the European contribution is 38% (range: 16.7-70.5%) and the West African contribution is 6%. The results show a higher European contribution than was reported in other similar studies in the country, albeit with a predominant Native American ancestry. No remarkable differences in the ancestry proportions were observed using subgroups of 74, 54, 34 and 24 AIMs. The paternal lineage calculated by genotyping of 15 Y-SNPs, shows a major component of European and Eurasian ancestry markers ( approximately 78%), compared with Amerindian ( approximately 12%) and African markers (10%). This information will set a reference for future determinations of admixture proportions in the Mestizo population from Mexico and for population-based association studies of complex diseases.