April 02, 2009

Humans at tropical latitudes produce more baby girls

Royal Society: Biology Letters doi:10.1098/rsbl.2009.0069

Humans at tropical latitudes produce more females

Kristen J. Navara


Skews in the human sex ratio at birth have captivated scientists for over a century. The accepted average human natal sex ratio is slightly male biased, at 106 males per 100 females or 51.5 per cent males. Studies conducted on a localized scale show that sex ratios deviate from this average in response to a staggering number of social, economical and physiological variables. However, these patterns often prove inconsistent when expanded to other human populations, perhaps because the nature of the influences themselves exhibit substantial cultural variation. Here, data collected from 202 countries over a decade show that latitude is a primary factor influencing the ratio of males and females produced at birth; countries at tropical latitudes produced significantly fewer boys (51.1% males) annually than those at temperate and subarctic latitudes (51.3%). This pattern remained strong despite enormous continental variation in lifestyle and socio-economic status, suggesting that latitudinal variables may act as overarching cues on which sex ratio variation in humans is based.


1 comment:

Marcel F. Williams said...

This may suggest that the female contribution to-- food collection-- is more important in tropical environments than it is in more temperate environments. Very interesting post!