PPNB which found an affinity to Neolithic Near Eastern populations among the modern inhabitants of Cyprus and Crete.
It is hard to imagine that there were ever any major impediments to gene flow between Anatolia and the Balkans as the Aegean islands and Hellespont are not formidable barriers to any culture with even rudimentary technology. Hopefully in the future it will become possible to look at ancient DNA from Greece and Anatolia and directly determine how the transfer of the Neolithic package into Europe took place and how much of the ancestry of modern populations stems from the Neolithic inhabitants vs. more recent shuffling of genes in either direction.
The authors also computed f3-statistics to see if populations were admixed, but found no significant evidence for it. If, for example, Dodecanesians were intermediate between mainland Greece and Anatolia they might have a negative f3(Dodecanesian; Cappadocia, Peloponnese) statistic. A negative statistic proves admixture but a positive one does not disprove it, but, in any case, there is no signal of admixture here so the results are compatible with the authors' model and probably incompatible with a recent admixture that would leave a significant negative signal (i.e., Dodecanesians/Cretans would have intermediate allele frequencies between Cappadocians and mainland Greeks).
PNAS doi: 10.1073/pnas.1320811111
Maritime route of colonization of Europe
Peristera Paschou et al.
The Neolithic populations, which colonized Europe approximately 9,000 y ago, presumably migrated from Near East to Anatolia and from there to Central Europe through Thrace and the Balkans. An alternative route would have been island hopping across the Southern European coast. To test this hypothesis, we analyzed genome-wide DNA polymorphisms on populations bordering the Mediterranean coast and from Anatolia and mainland Europe. We observe a striking structure correlating genes with geography around the Mediterranean Sea with characteristic east to west clines of gene flow. Using population network analysis, we also find that the gene flow from Anatolia to Europe was through Dodecanese, Crete, and the Southern European coast, compatible with the hypothesis that a maritime coastal route was mainly used for the migration of Neolithic farmers to Europe.