It is unfortunate that what seems to be a good sized sample of regional Armenian sample was only analyzed with a small set of autosomal STRs. Hopefully, the sample may still be available in the future for more comprehensive tests.
Population codes can be found in a freely available supplementary table.
I had previously used a similar set of STRs with structure to estimate inter-continental admixture in a set of "pure", and widely differentiated individuals (Germans, Africans, Chinese). That suggested to me, that while the continent origin can indeed be guessed for most individuals, admixture proportions are extremely noisy. For much closer-related populations (Armenian groups and various other Caucasoid neighbors), I fear that we should be extremely cautious in over-interpreting the limited evidence that a small panel of STRs provides.
Here are also Dodecad v3 population portraits for the Behar et al. (2010) Armenian sample and the Armenian_D sample from the Dodecad project:
I do not have enough Armenian participants yet, to speak about possible substructure in that population, but, from the samples available so far, which are from several different regions, a picture of relative homogeneity emerges. I encourage individuals with 4 Armenian grandparents who've tested with either 23andMe or Family Finder to join the Project (send e-mail to firstname.lastname@example.org).
Regionalized autosomal STR profiles among Armenian groups suggest disparate genetic influences
Robert K. Lowery
The archeology and ethnology of Armenia suggest that this region has acted as a crossroads for human migrations from Europe and the Middle East since at least the Neolithic. Near continual foreign influx has, in turn, led to the supposition that the gene pools of geographically separated Armenian populations may have diverged as differing historical influences potentially left distinct genetic traces in the various regions of the Armenian plateau. In this study, we seek to address whether any evidence for such genetic regional partitioning in Armenians exists by analyzing, for the first time, 15 autosomal short tandem repeat (STR) loci in 404 Armenians from four geographically well-characterized collections (Ararat Valley, Gardman, Sasun, and Lake Van) that represent distinct communities from across Historical Armenia. In addition, to determine whether genetic differences among these four Armenian populations are the result of differential affinities to populations of known historical influence in Armenia, we utilize 27 biogeographically targeted reference populations for phylogenetic and admixture analyses. From these examinations, we find that while close genetic affiliations exist between the two easternmost Armenian groups analyzed, Ararat Valley and Gardman, the remaining two populations display substantial distinctions. In particular, Sasun is distinguished by evidence for genetic contributions from Turkey, while a stronger Balkan component is detected in Lake Van, potentially suggestive of remnant genetic influences from ancient Greek and Phrygian populations in this region.